Bootstrap Modal

Bootstrap Modal is a component in the popular front-end framework Bootstrap, used to create a dialog box/popup window on the web page.

It is a simple, flexible, and responsive way to display content in a modal window.

Modals are used to display content such as images, videos, forms, and any other dynamic content in a separate window on top of the page.

Setting up Bootstrap

To use Bootstrap Modal, you need to have Bootstrap setup in your project.

You can either download the Bootstrap CSS and JavaScript files and link them to your HTML file, or include them from a CDN.

<!-- Latest compiled and minified CSS -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="">

<!-- Latest compiled JavaScript -->
<script src=""></script>

Creating a Modal

To create a modal, you need to define the modal’s structure and content inside a <div> element with a unique ID and .modal class.

You also need to create a button or a link to trigger the modal with the data-toggle attribute set to modal and data-target attribute set to the ID of the modal element.

<!-- Modal Structure -->
<div class="modal fade" id="exampleModal">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <!-- Modal Header -->
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h5 class="modal-title">Modal Title</h5>
                <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal">&times;</button>
            <!-- Modal body -->
            <div class="modal-body">
                Modal body text goes here.
            <!-- Modal footer -->
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
<!-- Trigger the Modal -->
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#exampleModal">
    Open Modal

Modal Options

Bootstrap Modal provides various options to customize the appearance and behavior of the modal.

Some of the options include:


You can set the size of the modal using the .modal-dialog class and its variants .modal-lg for large modals and .modal-sm for small modals.


Bootstrap Modal provides fade animation by default, but you can disable it by removing the .fade class from the modal element.


If you want to make the modal body scrollable even if the content is not overflowing the modal, you can add the .modal-body class to the <div> element that contains the modal body content.


You can change the background color of the modal by adding a custom class to the modal element and defining the background color in your CSS.

Header and Footer:

The header and footer of the modal can be customized to match your design needs, such as adding buttons, text, and other elements.

Modal Methods

Bootstrap Modal provides several methods to control the behavior of the modal, such as showing, hiding, and updating the content of the modal.

These methods can be triggered using JavaScript or jQuery.

The event is fired when the modal is about to be shown. You can use this event to perform some actions, such as setting the modal content dynamically.

$('#exampleModal').on('', function (event) {
    var button = $(event.relatedTarget) // Button that triggered the modal
    var recipient ='whatever') // Extract info from data-* attributes

    // Update the modal's content.
    var modal = $(this)
    modal.find('.modal-title').text('New message to ' + recipient)
    modal.find('.modal-body input').val(recipient)

The event is fired when the modal is about to be hidden. You can use this event to perform some actions, such as resetting the form values or updating the page content.

$('#exampleModal').on('', function () {
    // Reset the form values


The toggle method can be used to manually show or hide the modal.



The show method can be used to manually show the modal.



The hide method can be used to manually hide the modal.



Bootstrap Modal provides a simple and flexible way to display content in a modal window.

It provides various options to customize the appearance and behavior of the modal and several methods to control the modal using JavaScript or jQuery.

With its responsive design and easy integration, Bootstrap Modal is a great choice for creating modal windows in your web projects.

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