Problems exposing COM through Web Service


I am having exposing old COM components through web services.
I have a web service project (Project1), where I referenced my component and then tried instantiating an object in a function.
The component detail is as follows (looking in the Object Browser window):-
Public Function Questions(ByRef strSearch As String, Optional ByRef intlevel As Short) As Object
Member of StudentInterface.QAInterface
Now in my webservice project (Project1), this is what I coded after referencing the component.
<WebMethod()> Public Function result(ByVal strsearch As String) As Object
Dim vbcom As New StudentInterface.QAInterface()
result = vbcom.Questions(strsearch)
Return result ''''''*****Shows error in this line
End Function
I am a bit weary about how to use the optional, but I have ignored it. That might be the mistake. If it is, please guide me on how to use it.
There is an error when I use this webservice through my page.
Dim ws As New localhost.SWS()
TextBox2.Text = ws.result(TextBox1.Text.ToString)
Following error shows up:
System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException: Server was unable to process request. ---> System.Runtime.InteropServices.COMException (0x800A01A8): Object required at StudentInterface.QAInterfaceClass.Questions(String& strSearch, Int16& intlevel) at SWS.SWS.result(String strsearch) in c:\inetpub\wwwroot\SWS\SWS.asmx.vb:line 63 --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
Description: An unhandled exception occurred during the execution of the current web request. Please review the stack trace for more information about the error and where it originated in the code.
Exception Details: System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException: System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException: Server was unable to process request. ---> System.Runtime.InteropServices.COMException (0x800A01A8): Object required at StudentInterface.QAInterfaceClass.Questions(String& strSearch, Int16& intlevel) at SWS.SWS.result(String strsearch) in c:\inetpub\wwwroot\SWS\SWS.asmx.vb:line 63 --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
Source Error:

Line 58: <System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapDocumentMethodAttribute("", RequestNamespace:="", ResponseNamespace:="", Use:=System.Web.Services.Description.SoapBindingUse.Literal, ParameterStyle:=System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapParameterStyle.Wrapped)> _
Line 59: Public Function result(ByVal strsearch As String) As Object
Line 60: Dim results() As Object = Me.Invoke("result", New Object() {strsearch})
Line 61: Return CType(results(0),Object)
Line 62: End Function

Source File: c:\inetpub\wwwroot\QAX\Web References\localhost\Reference.vb Line: 60
Stack Trace:

[SoapException: System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException: Server was unable to process request. ---> System.Runtime.InteropServices.COMException (0x800A01A8): Object required
at StudentInterface.QAInterfaceClass.Questions(String& strSearch, Int16& intlevel)
at SWS.SWS.result(String strsearch) in c:\inetpub\wwwroot\SWS\SWS.asmx.vb:line 63
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---]
System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol.ReadResponse(SoapClientMessage message, WebResponse response, Stream responseStream)
System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol.Invoke(String methodName, Object[] parameters)
QAX.localhost.SWS.result(String strsearch) in c:\inetpub\wwwroot\QAX\Web References\localhost\Reference.vb:60
QAX.Questionws.OK_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) in c:\inetpub\wwwroot\QAX\Questionws.aspx.vb:55
System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button.OnClick(EventArgs e)
System.Web.UI.WebControls.Button.System.Web.UI.IPostBackEventHandler.RaisePostBackEvent(String eventArgument)
System.Web.UI.Page.RaisePostBackEvent(IPostBackEventHandler sourceControl, String eventArgument)
System.Web.UI.Page.RaisePostBackEvent(NameValueCollection postData)
System.Web.UI.Page.ProcessRequestMain() +1263

7/30/2003 8:36:49 PM 7071 articles. 0 followers. Follow

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I could be wrong here but it looks like you are trying to return a complex type and as far as I know web services can only return standard types (i.e. string, double, int, etc.).
8/2/2003 8:42:24 PM
In Web Services, you can't return an object. First you have to create an object and that object you have to return.

In below example I tried to return an object has an array and string. For your example also, you have to return information similarly.
In below example I am trying to return an Object, which has an array and an element.
[Note: On Client side, you have to use same object to get the result. and from there assign the values to needed controls or use in your business logic. If you use above example class, then in client side you have to accept data again using ObjSerEx]
This might help you, since the example what I provided also has object.

8/2/2003 11:03:34 PM
Yes, the problem you both mentioned is regarding returning the type. 

I will look through your examples and be back if there is any problem. Thanks for the help.
8/4/2003 8:48:27 AM
I have a 2-d array in my case. 

I think I have a problem calling it.
Could you help me on how to set a 2d array in WS and call it in a client.
Thank You.
8/4/2003 10:39:34 AM

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